Symbiotic Relationships

symbiotic relationship is directly linked to symbiosis. Mainly, symbiosis is the interaction process between two or more biological species. The term was initiated in 1877 and it has been used ever since whenever two different species start a relationship.

Such types of relationships are quite different from each other and they’re spit into various categories: mutualism, parasitism and commensalism. Practically, species can interact with each other, help each other or fight for survival. The whole symbiosis process has been studied and examined by specialists over the years. The role of a symbiotic relationship might lead to co-evolution. Some flowers and insects for instance, interact because they need each other. Let’s consider bees and flowers; in order to stay alive and adapt they use each other’s parts. Nectar and pollen are critical elements that ensure the survival of these two different species.

symbiotic relationship can be extremely different and it can manifest in other species as well. Parasitism for example, is one way of symbiosis from which only one individual wins and the other is severely damaged. Hence, they do not cooperate and it is compared with the battle of the fittest. Competition between species is again another category. This symbiotic relationship is mostly seen in birds of pray that are fighting to hunt the weakest animal.

The world’s fauna and flora are constantly connected in order to ensure survival. However, there is another type of symbiosis encountered in humans. People relate to everything that is different from their species. Animals, plants, insects, bacteria, they all have at some point have a relationship with the human. A symbiotic relationship between an individual and a domestic pet like a cat or dog for example, is focused on mutualism. Both species have benefits; a cat gives peace and love for the individual, and in return she gets affection, food and shelter. Thus, everybody wins.

Other species of animals however, are not that friendly. Larger animals, wild animals undergo some other type of symbiosis, namely neutralism and parasitism. Unlike animals and plants, humans are more understanding because they have the power of thinking. Thus, they know how to distinguish all these symbiotic relationships.

Taking advantage of one specie and use it in a certain purpose is the main definition of symbiosis. Basically, humans cannot live without symbiosis because they need to use plants and animas for different purposes, like food for example. Hence, at least one specie wins. Overall, the world is indeed a mysterious place in which species use the other to ensure survival. Plants use insects, insects are used by small animals, animals are eaten by people and sometime even people get eaten by certain mammifers. As you can see, symbiosis is an entire process, a cyclical one to be more specific. Everything is connected to a symbiotic relationship sooner or later. In order to guarantee continued existence humans take full advantage of other species. In their world, animals and insects do the same, they interact with plants to survive.

Author: Symbio on April 16, 2013